If you need assistance on DN42 configuration, you may refer to DN42 Experimental Network: Intro and Registration and my previous posts on DN42.

Here are some links that may assist you in diagnosing problems with our peering.

  • My Looking Glass
    • You can see BIRD routing software status across my nodes, including whether BGP session is established and whether any route is received.
    • You can perform traceroute to either public IP addresses or DN42 ones.
  • Route ROA filtering stats
    • My network only accepts routes that are registered in DN42, and unknown routes (to accomodate newly registered users). Received invalid or unknown routes will be listed here.
    • Invalid route: this IP block is registered in DN42, but the actual source of the route is different from the registration.
    • Unknown route: this IP block isn't registered in DN42.
      • It usually means you announced your personal intranet (such as or to others by mistake.
      • Or maybe you just registered, and my ROA information isn't updated yet. Please wait 4-8 hours and restart our peering.
      • Or maybe you only created inetnum/inet6num objects, but not route/route6 objects.
      • See the list of unknown IPv4 routes, and the list of unknown IPv6 routes.

"1xRTT" Peering

I live in China, and (many of) you may be on the opposite side of the planet. This means that due to timezone differences, one round of information exchange (you send an e-mail, I respond while you sleep, you see my reply after waking up) may need 24 hours or even more.

Here I provide instructions to perform "1xRTT" peering, which means we can peer with only one e-mail from you and one e-mail from me. Even if you and I are in the same time zone, this will still simplify things.

  1. Choose a server from the list below. Usually, this will be the one with the lowest latency (ping) to your server.
    • If you have multiple servers in DN42, I'm open to peering with all of them at once.
  2. Choose a type of VPN for tunneling.
    • I usually prefer WireGuard and OpenVPN, but others such as GRE/Plain and ZeroTier will also work.
      • GRE/IPSec configuration is extremely complicated, and different IPSec implementations usually have severe compatibility issues, so it may take days or even weeks to debug. Therefore, I no longer accept GRE/IPSec tunnels, and existing tunnels may be disconnected at any time.
    • WARN: I DO NOT peer with servers in mainland China to avoid possible legal issues.
    • I'm also willing to try new types of VPNs - just ask!
  3. Configure BGP daemon and VPN software on your side. You may assume I will use the following configuration:
    • My General Information:
      • ASN: 4242422547
      • Public IP: listed below
      • DN42 IPv4 (IP used in the tunnel on my end): listed below
        • If you need an address block (such as /30) for the IPv4 tunnel, it will come out of your address space.
        • This is usually needed for hardware routers, such as Mikrotik.
      • DN42 IPv6: fe80::2547 for peering over link-local addresses
        • If you need an address block (such as /64) for the IPv6 tunnel, it will come out of your address space.
      • Multiprotocol BGP (MP-BGP):
        • Although I support MP-BGP, I still configure two BGP sessions (1 IPv4 & 1 IPv6) by default.
        • If you also support MP-BGP and only need one session, just let me know.
    • For creating a tunnel connection:
      • WireGuard/OpenVPN port on my side: last 5 digits of your ASN
        • e.g., 4242420001 means I will use port 20001
      • OpenVPN static key: generated by you, sent to me later
      • OpenVPN default configuration: show below
        • If you can't use my default configuration, set something suitable for you and send it to me
      • ZeroTier One: I will request to join your network
        • You may try to invite my server to your network, if possible
  4. Send the following information via email to b980120@hotmail.com:
    • Your General Information:
      • ASN
      • Public IP
        • I prefer IPv4 since IPv6 is tunneled on some of my servers (HE.NET Tunnelbroker)
      • DN42 IPv4 and IPv6 (IP used in the tunnel on your end)
        • Or address blocks, if you need them for the tunnel
        • Including link-local address for IPv6 peering
      • The server you want to peer with
    • For creating a tunnel connection:
      • WireGuard/OpenVPN port on your side
        • I will assume 22547 if you don't specify
      • OpenVPN static key (generated by you)
      • ZeroTier One: Your network ID (I will request to join your network)
      • OpenVPN custom configuration (if necessary)
  5. Wait till I set up the tunnel and the peering, and respond to your email. Usually, the peering is successful by now.

PS: It's not recommended to contact me over IRC. Although I leave my IRC client running, I only read messages once or twice per month, unless you ask me to do so in your e-mail. And IRC chat is unlikely to be instant due to timezone differences.

My Network

  • ASN: 4242422547
  • IPv4 Pool: and
  • IPv6 Pool: fdbc:f9dc:67ad::/48
  • My Side's Default Port: last 5 digits of your ASN
  • Looking glass: https://lg.lantian.pub


  1. Hong Kong, China, provider V.PS

    • Domain: v-ps-hkg.lantian.pub
    • Public IPv4: / v4.v-ps-hkg.lantian.pub
    • Public IPv6: 2403:2c80:b::12cc / v6.v-ps-hkg.lantian.pub
    • DN42 IPv4: / v4.v-ps-hkg.dn42.lantian.pub
    • DN42 IPv6: fdbc:f9dc:67ad:1::1 / v6.v-ps-hkg.dn42.lantian.pub
    • Link-local IPv6: fe80::2547
    • WireGuard Public Key: xelzwt1j0aoKjsQnnq8jMjZNLbLucBPwPTvHgFH/czs=
  2. Tokyo, Japan, provider Oracle

    • Domain: oracle-vm1.lantian.pub
    • Public IPv4: / v4.oracle-vm1.lantian.pub
    • Public IPv6: 2603:c021:8000:aaaa:2::1 / v6.oracle-vm1.lantian.pub
    • DN42 IPv4: / v4.oracle-vm1.dn42.lantian.pub
    • DN42 IPv6: fdbc:f9dc:67ad:5::1 / v6.oracle-vm1.dn42.lantian.pub
    • Link-local IPv6: fe80::2547
    • WireGuard Public Key: JJUfHeE1ZgyXzo5aoE0tQfk6wZvnVU/d0V3/uSj61ns=
  3. San Jose, United States, provider V.PS

    • Domain: v-ps-sjc.lantian.pub
    • Public IPv4: / v4.v-ps-sjc.lantian.pub
    • Public IPv6: 2604:a840:2::ed / v6.v-ps-sjc.lantian.pub
    • DN42 IPv4: / v4.v-ps-sjc.dn42.lantian.pub
    • DN42 IPv6: fdbc:f9dc:67ad:3::1 / v6.v-ps-sjc.dn42.lantian.pub
    • Link-local IPv6: fe80::2547
    • WireGuard Public Key: zyATu8FW392WFFNAz7ZH6+4TUutEYEooPPirwcoIiXo=
  4. New York, United States, provider VirMach

    • Domain: virmach-ny1g.lantian.pub
    • Public IPv4: / v4.virmach-ny1g.lantian.pub
    • Public IPv6: 2001:470:1f07:54d::1 / v6.virmach-ny1g.lantian.pub
    • DN42 IPv4: / v4.virmach-ny1g.dn42.lantian.pub
    • DN42 IPv6: fdbc:f9dc:67ad:8::1 / v6.virmach-ny1g.dn42.lantian.pub
    • Link-local IPv6: fe80::2547
    • WireGuard Public Key: a+zL2tDWjwxBXd2bho2OjR/BEmRe2tJF9DHFmZIE+Rk=
  5. Roost, Bissen, Luxemborg, provider BuyVM

    • Domain: buyvm.lantian.pub
    • Public IPv4: / v4.buyvm.lantian.pub
    • Public IPv6: 2605:6400:30:f22f::1 / v6.buyvm.lantian.pub
    • DN42 IPv4: / v4.buyvm.dn42.lantian.pub
    • DN42 IPv6: fdbc:f9dc:67ad:2::1 / v6.buyvm.dn42.lantian.pub
    • Link-local IPv6: fe80::2547
    • WireGuard Public Key: DkmSBCIgrxPPZmT07DraoCSD/jSByjPkYqHJWfVZ5hM=

These templates are from your perspective, and you don't need to swap sides when using them on your server.


proto         udp
mode          p2p

# my (or your peer's) server IP
# my (or your peer's) tunnel port, last 5 digits of your ASN
rport         21234
# your server IP
# your tunnel port, usually 22547 (or last 5 digits of your peer's ASN)
lport         22547

dev-type      tun
resolv-retry  infinite
dev           dn42-lantian    # change to whatever you want
cipher        aes-256-cbc
# first is your DN42 IPv4, second is mine (or your peer's)
# first is your link-local IPv6, second is mine (or your peer's)
ifconfig-ipv6 fe80::1234 fe80::2547

# Post-up script that:
# 1. Remove stable-privacy IPv6 address
# 2. Assigns preferred outbound IPv6 address (fd12:3456:7890::1 in this case)
script-security 2
up "/bin/sh -c '/sbin/sysctl -w net.ipv6.conf.$dev.autoconf=0 && /sbin/sysctl -w net.ipv6.conf.$dev.accept_ra=0 && /sbin/sysctl -w net.ipv6.conf.$dev.addr_gen_mode=1 && /sbin/ip addr add fd12:3456:7890::1/128 dev $dev'"

# Set to static key for our tunnel
# Generated with openvpn --genkey --secret static.key
-----BEGIN OpenVPN Static key V1-----
# ...
# key contents
# ...
-----END OpenVPN Static key V1-----

WireGuard config (for use with wg-quick up):

# Your WireGuard private key
# Port number on your side
ListenPort = 22547
Table = off
# Add your link-local IPv6 (fe80::1234 in this case)
PostUp = ip addr add fe80::1234/64 dev %i
# Add your DN42 IPv6 address (fd12:3456:7890::1 in this case)
PostUp = ip addr add fd12:3456:7890::1/128 dev %i
# First IP is your DN42 IPv4, second is mine
PostUp = ip addr add peer dev %i
PostUp = sysctl -w net.ipv6.conf.%i.autoconf=0

# Set to my (or your peer's) public key
PublicKey = zyATu8FW392WFFNAz7ZH6+4TUutEYEooPPirwcoIiXo=
# Set to my (or your peer's) node IP and port, the port is last 5 digits of your ASN
Endpoint = hostdare.lantian.pub:21234
AllowedIPs =,,, fd00::/8, fe80::/64